Ultimately, the fruits of their labor may be felt – and tasted – far beyond the region's borders. Planting calendars for places in Michigan. As long as they store everything properly, farmers who use these structures can supply local farmers' markets and institutional buyers well into the fall and may have fresh produce ready as early as April. Click on the image above to see a larger version. Some farmers are looking at how the tags could help consumers learn more about where meat is from and how it was raised. True! Asked June 16, 2019, 1:18 PM EDT. Frozen shoreline of Lake Huron, Michigan. Photograph by Randy Schaetzl, Professor of Geography - Michigan State University. But at the Royal Oak Farmers Market, “We’re a booming market all year round,” says Robin Richardson, the market’s manager of event planning. At the moment, locals can legally buy "shares" of livestock animals, but this is largely restricted to the private market. With its rocky soil, thick forests and painfully short growing season, the Upper Peninsula is never going to look like Iowa or Kansas – and that's okay. An ongoing dustup with Wisconsin over whether the U.P. Information About the Michigan USDA Planting Zone Map. If we can't turn the U.P. Étienne Brûlé of France was probably the first European to visit the peninsula, crossing the St. Marys River around 1620 in search of a route to the Far East. corn is only in the lowest part of the field, where the cold air "settled" The basic design features sturdy, hoop-shaped bows of metal or plastic arranged at regular intervals to support a thick but flexible plastic skin. 's latest generation of ag workers are more productive than ever. Based on the 1990 USDA Hardiness Zone Map, this interactive version covers the state of Michigan which ranges from USDA Zone 3a to USDA Zone 6b. Living in the Upper Peninsula is the dream for some people and a complete nightmare for others. Barley and oats have a shorter maturation period than corn does, so they can be grown more successfully in Upper Peninsula summers. Tracking cattle from pasture to plate, a new spin on marketing Michigan beef, a story by Dan Charles on the cattle tracking program in Michigan, first reported on the tracking system back in 2001, Agriculture drives the Midwest economy – and farming is just the start of it, Chicago High School for Agricultural Sciences, Network aims to boost Michigan-produced food. Another program, the Michigan Farmers' Market Association's Hoophouses for Health, offers free hoop houses to farmers who accept food vouchers from low-income farmers' market customers. Latest Census numbers tell us where Michigan is growing -- and where the population is shrinking. menus. 's cattle herd can be certified as TB-free – it is, but the Badger State's powers-that-be point to an isolated downstate outbreak as evidence to the contrary – doesn't help. This is the time of year where it's more likely. This winter, the organization hosted networking meet-and-greets for farmers, suppliers and end-users in Houghton, Marquette, Sault Ste. critical time." 's soils tend to be more pH-neutral and better-drained than elsewhere, but "pretty much all soils are low fertility for agriculture purposes," says Isleib. Last week, NPR’s Morning Edition covered a story by Dan Charles on the cattle tracking program in Michigan. use. Michigan: Vegetable Planting Calendar Planting vegetable seeds or transplants at the correct time is important for getting the most out of your garden. A Traverse City-based firm, Cherry Capital Foods, recently began selling its downstate-grown tree fruits in Sault Ste. It was one of Michigan… Rod Planck—Tony Stone Images According to Walk, the region's distribution infrastructure is slowly improving. Source: Hart, John GWINN, Mich. (WJMN) – Upper Michigan Ice Racing Association kicks off its second season at 12:00 P.M. on Saturday, January 9 next to the Forsyth Township Ball … For example, a map of growing season Find the best dates for planting and transplanting vegetables and fruit! The season starts out with morels black in color, then grayish and cultivating in a pale yellow hue. 's increasingly robust agricultural infrastructure. "The temperatures have during the previous, cold, calm night. Thursday, April 27, 2000 's suboptimal growing conditions: the hoop house. Marie's War Memorial Hospital was able to source all of its lettuce from one area farm for a period of three weeks last summer. Barley, corn and oats will grow in northern Michigan as long as the growing season allows it. he's recommending farmers take precautions -- typically irrigation and wind machines -- to That's trouble This material has been compiled for educational use only, and Please contact Randall Schaetzl (soils@msu.edu) Meanwhile, U.P. between my high lands and low lands," he said. Changing the Culture: Farmers by ChoiceAnother exciting development in U.P. GROWING SEASON LENGTH AND FROST The length of the growing season is vital to many Michigan residents--not just to farmers. Where fertility is at a premium, these advantages are crucial. Isleib cites increased local usage of no-till and reduced-till equipment, which actually harkens back to pre-modern practices that flourished in the absence of efficient plows. French colonists laid claim to the land in the 17th century, establishing missions and fur trading posts such as Sault Ste. A typical growing season in much of the region is 100 days from frost to frost. Food Exchange along with Walk, is quick to stress that big institutions can't currently curate "100 percent U.P." The Upper Peninsula has 16,452 square miles of land, and of that the state and federal governments own 7,000 square miles.22 The rapacious logging gave the Upper Peninsula a fortuitous windfall of land that is now part of a public trust that gives the region a wilderness character and outstanding recreational activities, as well as sustainably managed timberlands. in spring and the first frost in fall. In fact, it is the only state that requires the tags. Vents control airflow into and out of the structure, magnifying the sun's natural heating power. Hay and alfalfa are popular forage crops for the considera… To compensate, MSU Extension is one of five "pioneer" groups working with the USDA to facilitate "Group GAP" certification, which allows smaller farmers to pool their resources at harvest time. They can, however, use "featured" ingredients or dishes that come from the region. If you are planting corn, wait until the end of May, as it is easily damaged by frost. in spring and the first frost in fall. Given the area's isolation and inability to support "industrial" farming operations, it has always been difficult for U.P. also that the area in the north-central lower peninsula, near Gaylord, has the shortest At Navy Pier, a special meeting of the Chicago High School for Agricultural Sciences’s FFA chapter is being called to order. Private farms across the peninsula use these structures as well. The Ann Arbor-based Ecology Center is working with Michigan hospitals on the effort. use wind machines, which are large propellers sitting on 30-foot poles that direct warmer Buy-Local Takes OffAs more farmers take advantage of an extended growing season, demand for their wares is taking off at local farmers' markets, institutions, and restaurants. below). counties lost population. "There can be a 10-degree difference Lawrence M. Sommers, 1977. (Although, contrary to popular belief, goats are picky eaters – "They pick through hay to find the best stalks," says Lantz.). Processing and storage present similar problems. growing season. Michigan Interactive 1990 USDA Hardiness Zone Map. 19. Michigan The fastest shrinking and growing counties in Michigan. Michigan became a state in 1837. GROWING SEASON LENGTH AND FROST As the two maps above show, the length of growing season is variable, depending on the Turn east at the rustic sign and you will find the remains of … Note that the (yellowed) frozen As for the growing season, it is what it is. Fraser (1991) “Part-Ownership and Farm Enlargement in the Midwest.”, Source:  advisory remains in effect for all of southern Michigan. lakes. Soybeans also can be grown but shouldn’t be planted until late May. It is a large area and has, therefore, considerable variation in soils, climate and markets between different parts of the area. 's bounty – and not just the ubiquitous whitefish – in specials and regular dishes as well. Randy Graham, a meteorologist for the National Weather Service, said a frost freeze But the ag industry goes well beyond being just farming – and plenty of young people are interested in that. The state of Michigan requires cattle to have electronic ear tags. According to another count there were 112 operating wineries in Michigan in 2007. The result: a larger, more varied supply of local fruits, veggies, and grains. On-site cold storage is critical, as is ample storage at the smaller stores and co-ops that often buy local produce (Harmony Health Foods of Sault Ste. In part because of the lengthened growing season near the lakes (lee sides only), many Michigan growing zones are determined using frost dates (first and last) as a guide. years, but that's unusual. Knowing your first and last frost dates will help you start your vegetable seeds at the right time. "Poor soils and a short growing season – that about sums it up," he says. In a word, an unheated greenhouse. Marie, and Ontonagon. Close. “You can come to the market on any given Saturday and buy a tomato.” That’s because many of her vendors practice season extension. institutions – schools, hospitals and even prisons – are coming around to the idea that local produce has a place on their menus. Hart, John Hoop Houses: Extending the SeasonFolks who spend time on NMU's campus may already be aware of another relatively low-tech solution to the U.P. six different locations every 10 minutes. prevent a potentially devastating frost from damaging crops. Phil Succop, with 180 acres near Sparta, said he's up at 2 a.m. checking temperatures in A few U.P.-based entrepreneurs have expressed interest in working with the U.P. Note that this GAP is expensive, though – $92 per hour, per inspector, plus mileage, to be exact – so it's not realistic for small-timers. pattern holds true not just for Michigan, but for the lee sides of most of the major Phil Schwallier, a Michigan State University horticultural agent, said The length of the growing season is vital to many Michigan residents--not just to farmers. A separate program, Marquette Food Co-Op's "Farm Safe," is designed to help even smaller farmers clear the food safety threshold. There’s been a lot of concern about whether enough young people are going into farming these days. Internal data from LandWatch records more than $502 million of farms, ranches and other rural acreage for sale in the Upper Peninsula region of Michigan. They arrived roughly around AD 800 and subsisted chiefly from fishing. are blooming this year and vulnerable to frost. Going from a 3 month growing season at best to a 9-1/2 month growing season gets noticed. The U.P. "Even 1 degree can make a big With its rocky soil, thick forests and painfully short growing season, the Upper Peninsula is never going to look like Iowa or Kansas – and that's okay.For more than a century, a hardy batch of growers and livestock farmers have managed to survive and prosper in these less-than-ideal conditions. Several species of these seedless, vascular plants grow in Michigan's warm summers and snow-covered winters. 's latest generation of agriculture workers are more productive than ever. of Michigan, ed. years of data that are used to calculate it. Is it possible to use permaculture in the Upper Peninsula of Michigan? We've had frost as late as June in some but chilling nights, with temperatures plunging below the freezing point. of these areas are now in fruit production, as the map below shows. Our free planting guide calculates the best dates for sowing seeds indoors and outdoors, and for transplanting seedlings to the garden—all customized to your location. The length of the growing season ranges from about two months in the Upper Peninsula to almost six months near the lakes in the southern portion of the Lower Peninsula. He's also checking for wind, which will help prevent frost from forming. Among the oldest plants on the planet, ferns likely appeared 420 to 360 million years ago. U.P. site that employs hoop house technology in crop research and farmer education; the MSU Extension Research Center, near Chatham, specializes in connecting novice farmers with the season-extending technology. A campaign called "Cultivate Michigan" aims to help institutions reach the goal. to stores within the region, and perhaps all the way down to its home base. The USDA's Farm to School program complements local-sourcing drives at public schools with grants that fund classroom education – " the integration of food-related education into the regular, standards-based classroom curriculum," according to its website – and hands-on experiences for kids who lack day-to-day ag experience. Many local institutions and restaurants have adopted aggressive "local sourcing" goals of 20 to 30 percent during the growing season. Source: Atlas Marie and Marquette. "These are the Marie, well-maintained hoop houses can lengthen the U.P. Apple farmer To eliminate dangerous "field heat," says Walk, farmers need to cool harvested greens as quickly as possible. Michigan Radio’s Mary Jo Wagner first reported on the tracking system back in 2001. For low-income families, that extra cash encourages purchases of wholesome, U.P.-grown fruits and veggies over unhealthy, over-processed foods; for local farmers, it contributes to fatter bottom lines. This article was originally posted in UP Second Wave. Search For Events Filter By Month Jan 2021 Feb 2021 Mar 2021 Apr 2021 May 2021 Jun 2021 Jul 2021 Aug 2021 Sep 2021 Oct 2021 Jan 2022 Feb 2022 Jun 2022 Aug 2022 Oct 2022 All Categories Annual Events Festivals Music Outdoor Recreation Shows & Events All Regions Central Eastern Western MSU Extension's Chatham Research Center runs an "incubator farm" that introduces novices to basic farming techniques, hoop house operation and other vital techniques. agriculture: the enthusiastic adoption of farming or livestock raising among first-generation farmers. And one way to do that in Michigan is hoophouses. Founded in 1999, Michigan-Sportsman.com started as a collection of links to Michigan related sites, and a series of manually edited blogs. difference." Lantz identifies two basic groups of first-gen ag professionals: "back-to-the-land" types, who are often recent high school or college graduates and who see farming as a noble profession; and retirees or empty-nesters who see farming as a money-making hobby or second career. But continuing to test commercially available strains of short-season corn and soybeans on U.P. Fruit farmers brace to face the frost It even rents plots of ½ to 1 acre for those who wish to complete a "residency program" and subsequently qualify for farm loans, which typically require three to five years of active farming experience. Michigan Maple syrup season begins in February in lower Michigan and extends into April in the Upper Peninsula. Although nothing has been finalized, it's possible that the company will be able to help with "backhaul"– using its empty trucks to transport produce from the central and eastern U.P. This Michigan planting map, devised by the USDA, divides growing zones into 10-degree F. (-12 C.) increments according to average winter low temperatures over a 30-year period.A new map for 2012 was recently released which indicates warmer average winter temperatures for many … A late spring frost can be devastating to fruit growers, as is indicated by this late "That's going to help things get below freezing, and widespread Graham said there is a high The answer probably won't be found in resource-intensive breeding or genetic modification programs. Peninsula-wide, careful management of soil fertility and pH is crucial. Ferns That Grow in Michigan. the lakes, primarily because the lakes delay the onset of the first fall frost (see The environment here, including weather, soil types and the short growing season, makes successful farming a challenge. ... Michigan State University Extension. Black fly and mosquito peak season upper peninsula. Marie, for example, recently invested in a much larger cold storage facility.) Winter, spring summer or fall - you are sure to find something to do in Michigan's Upper Peninsula! Hang in there. After 25 years of work as a Michigan State University Extension educator with farms of various types and sizes in Michigan’s Upper Peninsula, several things have become clear.. There's just one USDA-approved processing facility in the region; since farmers can't sell certain cuts of non-USDA meat to restaurants, supermarkets and institutions, this is highly inconvenient. Food Exchange is responsible for much of the movement on this front. Easily identifiable, the morel grows wild and is not easily cultivated. Check your local planting dates each year to be sure you can plant these grain crops. been cold, but they have not been as cold as expected," he said. It seems crazy, the woods are scary, there are bugs everywhere and a giant lake that could eat […] It's a very The U.P. Before then it was known as part of the Northwest Territory and then the Michigan Territory. Photograph by Randy Schaetzl, Professor of Geography - Michigan State University By Jim Isleib, Michigan State University Extension. At the former, a new Fair Food Network program called Double Up Food Bucks – which will officially debut June 1 – effectively doubles Bridge Card users' buying power on qualifying purchases, subject to a $20-per-day maximum. After 25 years of work as a Michigan State University Extension educator with farms of various types and sizes in Michigan’s Upper Peninsula, several things have become clear.. The two major components of growing season length are the dates of the last frost Based on total acres, the Upper Peninsula region of Michigan has the most land listings and ranches for sale in the state on LandWatch. Marquette Food Co-Op community liaison Natasha Lantz, who runs the U.P. The Upper Peninsula of Michigan – also known as Upper Michigan or colloquially the U.P. very dry air. Other initiatives may be even more promising. 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